Journal Overview

Blackheads and Whiteheads

These are caused by sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells clogging our pores and causing bumps under our skin. If the pore remains open after being plugged with dirt and sebum, it will appear black resulting in blackheads. If the pore is closed after being filled with impurities, it will appear white resulting in whiteheads. Both blackheads and whiteheads are removed quite easily with skin care products or superficial exfoliation.

Papules and Pustules

Large pimples as a result of clogged pores becoming extremely irritated, hence breaking down their walls, will result in formation of papules and pustules. Papules are hard when you touch them and if they are more concentrated in one area, it can create a ‘sandpaper’ feel to your skin. Pustules are yellow and have a kind of fluid similar to that in blisters. These are much harder to treat compared to blackheads and whiteheads. The treatment plan may likely consists of a combination of topical, oral and laser treatments.

Nodules and Cysts

Badly clogged pores can result in much swelling and infection may spread deeply into the skin. This will result in the formation of nodules and cysts. Nodules are hard and can be rather painful.
White cysts are soft and contain pus. The treatment plan may be more complex and likely requires a course of oral antibiotics in addition to other topical, oral and laser treatments

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